(IODINE DEFICIENCY DISORDERS)
The IDD Programme.
It is essential in Sabah because of the mountainous nature of the state and many rural areas are far from the sea which is a rich source of iodine. Kiwanis Club of Kota Kinabalu when it does Health Camp in the rural areas or visit the rural schools, part and parcel of its activities is the distribution of iodized salts to families.
Why is iodine important?
Here are the facts.
IDD = Iodine Deficiency Disorder
IDD affect Children Mental Health especially in the rural areas, mountainous and far away from the sea. Lethargy, do not progress well in school could be lack of iodine in diet.
IDD during pregnancy may result in stillbirth, congenital abnormalities, cretinism, irreversible mental retardation.
Goitre is due to lack of iodine causing enlargement of the thyroid gland.
Goitrogen blocks the absorption or utilisation of iodine in the human body.
Examples of goitrogen are cassava (ubi kayu), cabbage, peanuts, soybean and many others. (Rural diets are rich in goitrogen thus they need more iodine to compensate.)
Body needs 150-microgram iodine daily for adult.
For children between age 1 – 10 years, their daily need 70 – 120 micro-gram.
Iodine is easily absorbed into the body in the form of iodide.
Excess is excreted from the body via urine and faeces.
Food rich in iodine is seafood.
Milk and egg iodine contents – depends on the feed given to them. Thus kampong chicken egg has less iodine.
Vegetables – depends on the amount of iodine in the soil thus soil in rural areas has little iodine because it is far from the sea.
Fresh water fish contains very little iodine.
The best way to obtain iodine is through the use of iodised salt. 1 gm of iodised salt contained 76 microgram of iodide.
Distribution of IDD parcels to
Educational Video show
KIWANIS IN KG SINANSAG
De-Worming activity for rural children
With The ELIMINATE Project, Kiwanis International and UNICEF have joined forces to eliminate maternal and neonatal tetanus. This deadly disease steals the lives of 60,000 innocent babies and 30,000 mothers each year. The effects of the disease are excruciating — tiny newborns suffer repeated, painful convulsions and extreme sensitivity to light and touch. UNICEF Ambassador and actor Tea Leoni delivered the announcement at the 95th Annual Kiwanis International Convention
To eliminate MNT from the Earth by 2015, 129 million mothers and their future babies must be immunized. This requires vaccines, syringes, safe storage, transportation, thousands of skilled staff and more. It will take $110 million — and the dedicated work of UNICEF and every member of the Kiwanis family.
Kiwanis and UNICEF joined forces to tackle iodine deficiency disorders, achieving one of the most significant public health successes of the 20th century. Now, they are eliminating MNT from the face of the Earth. And in doing so, the project will reach the poorest, most neglected mothers and babies with additional lifesaving health care. The end of this one disease means the beginning of better health for so many families.
“Kiwanis believes that no baby or mother should have to suffer the devastating effects of MNT,” said Kiwanis International President Paul Palazzolo. “Kiwanis will mobilize its nearly 600,000 family members to become tireless advocates for these children and raise needed funds to defeat this deadly disease.”
Kiwanis Club of Kota Kinabalu will do the following to eliminate MNT.
1. Arrange education programme such as talks, video show,
demonstration of hygiene/cleanliness to mothers and rural
bidan on the dangers of tetanus during Rural Health Camp.
2. Will work together with any other NGOs, including hospital/
medical on activities that have its main theme to eliminate
3. To support and to facilitate immunization programme against
tetanus for young children and mothers in the rural
areas by working closely with the rural health authorities
through the provision of manpower, financial or acquisition
of anti-tetanus vaccines using Kiwanis local/national/global
What is Tetanus?
Tetanus, also known as lockjaw, is a serious but preventable disease that affects the body's muscles and nerves. It typically arises from a skin wound that becomes contaminated by a bacterium called Clostridium tetani, which is often found in soil.
Once the bacteria are in the body, they produce a neurotoxin (a protein that acts as a poison to the body's nervous system) that causes muscle spasms. The toxin can travel throughout the body via the bloodstream. As it circulates more widely, the toxin interferes with the normal activity of nerves throughout the body, leading to generalized muscle spasms. Without treatment, tetanus can be fatal.
Most cases of tetanus follow a cut or deep puncture injury, such as a wound caused by stepping on a nail. Sometimes the injury is so small the person never even sees a doctor. Wounds contaminated with soil, saliva, or feces — especially if not properly cleaned — and skin punctures from non-sterile needles (such as with drug use or self-performed tattooing or body piercing) are also at increased risk.
Another form of tetanus, neonatal tetanus, occurs in newborns who are delivered in unsanitary conditions, especially if the umbilical cord stump becomes contaminated. Prior to immunizations, neonatal tetanus was much more common. Now, routine immunizations for tetanus produce antibodies that mothers pass to their unborn babies. These maternal antibodies and sanitary cord-care techniques have made newborn tetanus very rare in developed countries.
In fact, tetanus in general is rare in nations with tetanus vaccination programs. However, many developing countries have less effective prevention and immunization programs against tetanus, so the disease is much more common there.
What are Signs?
Tetanus often begins with muscle spasms in the jaw and can be accompanied by difficulty swallowing and stiffness or pain in the muscles of the neck, shoulders, or back. These spasms can spread to the muscles of the abdomen, upper arms, and thighs. The symptoms can occur anywhere from days to months after exposure to the bacteria.
How can we prevent tetanus?
There are two important ways to prevent tetanus: getting vaccinated against tetanus or after an injury that could cause tetanus, receiving a anti-tetanus shot.
For Malaysian kids, tetanus immunization is part of the DTP (diphtheria, tetanus, and pertussis) vaccinations. Post-exposure tetanus prophylaxis also involves getting tetanus shots, but after an injury occurs. Neonatal tetanus can be prevented by making sure that all pregnant women have had their tetanus immunizations, by delivering babies in sanitary conditions, and by proper umbilical cord care. Any skin wound — especially a deep puncture or a wound that may be contaminated with feces, soil, or saliva — should be cleaned and dressed right away. Although it's important to clean all wounds, remember that cleaning is not a substitute for immunization
Always keep your anti-tetanus vaccination up to date—get regular booster dose.
How is tetanus treated?
Tetanus is treated in a hospital, usually in the intensive care unit. Basically the victim receives antibiotics to kill bacteria and anti-toxin to neutralize the toxin that the bacteria have already released. The victim will also receive medicines to control muscle spasms and may also be given treatment to support vital body functions.